ADD Signs and Symptoms
Attention deficit disorder is a common condition that affects children, with approximately 9% of individuals under the age of 18 having a firm ADD diagnosis. The symptoms of the condition include inattention and impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Most symptoms will present in children before they reach the age of seven. To make a definite diagnosis, it is required that the symptoms appear in two settings, such as at home and at school. The symptoms will also have to be the main cause of impairment on the functioning of the child.
There are three main types of ADD, the Predominantly Inattentive Type, the Hyperactive Type and the Combined Type. Each of these mental health disorders has different symptoms that could affect the child.
Signs of ADD
The Predominantly Inattentive Type affects more than 50% of children with ADD. The symptoms can vary per child. Not every child will experience the same symptoms; however, they must experience six of the following symptoms for it to be classified as this type of ADD.
- The child will fail to give close attention to all details. They will also make frequent mistakes in their schoolwork and other activities.
- The child will have extreme difficulty sustaining attention in play activities and tasks.
- They will not appear to be listening when they are spoken to.
- They will not be able to follow directions and will usually fail to complete tasks and assignments.
- The child will have extreme difficulty organizing activities and tasks.
- They will dislike or avoid any task that will require mental efforts.
- The child will lose items that are necessary to complete tasks and assignments.
- They will be distracted easily and will be very forgetful when it comes to daily activities.
Symptoms of ADHD
The Hyperactive Type of ADD is also very common and can affect children in many ways. The list below provides the symptoms associated with this type of ADD. Again, six of these must be present for the diagnosis to be made.
- Squirming in a seat and being fidgety.
- Consistently gets up from a seat when being seated is expected.
- Runs about when this behavior is inappropriate.
- Has trouble engaging in activities or playing quietly and independently.
- The child will often be on the go, exhibiting high levels of energy.
- The child will talk excessively.
- They will have trouble awaiting their turn.
- They will blurt out answers before the question has even been completed.
- The child will interrupt others and can be intrusive.
Does your Child have ADD?
Answer the following questions bellow to find out if your child might suffer from Attention Deficit Disorder. Having a combined type of ADD refers to children who have a little of both of the mentioned types above. These children will have six or more of each set of symptoms that are listed.
- Inability to focus. Does your child has a hard time focusing on any activity?
- Quickly distracted. Is it easy for your child to become distracted from a task at hand?
- Speed talking. Does your child seems to have “diarrhea of the mouth” and is so excited to get out their ideas that they cut off others and often struggle to finish their sentences?
- Absentmindedness. Is your child daydreaming often or becoming consistently lost in their thoughts or unable to pay attention?.
- Fidgety. Are they unable to sit still for long periods of time, inclusive of—but not limited to—when they are in class, studying, doing homework or at the dinner table?
- High focus on certain task. Though your child may become distracted from most tasks, they may still be completely unable to break their focus on things they really like (i.e., video games, Legos, et cetera).
- Restlessness. Do they tend to be very impatient and restless much of the time?
- Too much energy. Though this is subjective, do they seems to have an overabundance of energy and is constantly ‘on the go’ and jumping around or running?
- Squirmy. Do you observe hem having trouble sitting still or often will squirming and fidgeting?
- Social issues.Have you noticed your child having difficulty adapting to the social setting of a school classroom or have trouble keeping friends for long periods of time?
There is no specific test that will reveal a result stating a child does or does not have ADD. If ADD is suspected, it is best for parents to discuss the issues with a physician. The doctor will then need a lot of information to assess the child. The child will be evaluated for ADD and the parents and teachers will be involved in the assessment and evaluation. It is important for parents and teachers to be open and honest about the way the child behaves in various situations.
Treating the Symptoms of ADD and ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) are mental health disorders that vary in symptoms and effect in almost every individual bearing the diagnosis. This means that ADHD and ADD treatment must be highly personalized to suit the individual and to take into account any co-occurring mental, social or behavioral disorders that exist as well. Common among children, ADHD and ADD treatment can continue into the teen years and adulthood.
Children who do not receive treatment for their ADD will continue having these difficulties. The condition does not go away and will follow the child into adulthood. Treating the condition is the best way to conquer the condition and allow the child to lead a normal life. Add is a serious condition that should be addressed, assessed, diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.
There are many medications out there that are very effective for treating ADD some at an affordable cost. Most of these medications are classified as stimulants, but in children, they calm children by reversing a chemical process in the brain that causes hyperactivity. Some ADD medications are not stimulants, but these have are generally less effective even if they are less habit forming. Some of the most common ADD medications prescribed for children include:
- Adderall (amphetamine) – for ages 3 and older
- Adderall XR (amphetamine extended release) – for ages 6 and older
- Concerta (methylphenidate long-acting) – for ages 6 and older
- Daytrana (methylphenidate patch) – for ages 6 and older
- Desoxyn (methamphetamine hydrochloride) – for ages 6 and older
- Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine) – for ages 3 and older
- Dextrostat (dextroamphetamine) – for ages 3 and older
- Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) – for ages 6 and older
- Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate extended release) – for ages 6 and older
- Metadate (ER methylphenidate extended release) – for ages 6 and older
- Metadate CD (methylphenidate extended release) – for ages 6 and older
- Methylin (methylphenidate oral solution and chewable tablets) – for ages 6 and older
- Ritalin (methylphenidate) – for ages 6 and older
- Ritalin SR (methylphenidate extended release) – for ages 6 and older
- Ritalin LA (methylphenidate long-acting) – for ages 6 and older
- Strattera (atomoxetine) – for ages 6 and older
- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) – for ages 6 and older
therapy and counseling
While ADD treatment doesn’t cure the problem, it does offer the individual and his or her family the opportunity to learn new ways of living with the issue effectively and managing the disorder so that it does not get in the way of living a fulfilled and contented life. Contact us today about the mental health treatment options near you.